This article can be found in the Special Issue of the Journal of Urban Affairs regarding Rural Migrants in Transitional Chinese Cities: Marginality, Agency, and Social Justice.
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The return intentions of China’s rural migrants: A study of Nanjing and Suzhou, by Shuangshuang Tang & Pu Hao
A considerable proportion of China’s rural-to-urban migrants today are not able to formally settle in one location. Whether these migrants stay in the city or return to their rural homes has important ramifications for the country’s demographic and economic changes. Using data from a recent survey in Nanjing and Suzhou, this article explores the settlement and return intentions of rural migrants. It is found that although most rural migrants do not intend to settle permanently in the host city, a considerably large group of them are inclined to return to a local town or city in their home region rather than to their rural origin. Such prospective urban returnees share many similarities with members of the floating population but express distinct preferences and concerns. For both prospective rural and urban returnees, family obligations play a decisive role in the formation of the return decision. The findings suggest that return migration, on the one hand, is a trade-off between livelihood in the rural origin and the urban destination and, on the other hand, aims to maximize utilities based on one’s family background and resources, which may drive rural migrants to settle in urban areas close to their rural homes.